**From:** Alton Sartor (*alto84@yahoo.com*)

**Date:** Mon Jul 26 2004 - 07:55:18 MDT

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--- fudley <fuddley@fastmail.fm> wrote:

*> 100 quantum entangled electrons can store more than
*

*> one 2^100 number, it
*

*> can store ALL numbers less than or equal to 2^100,
*

*> and that’s a lot.
*

*> This is assuming the electron can only be in two
*

*> quantum states, and you
*

*> might be able to do better than that.
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*>
*

*> John K Clark
*

This description comes closest to the truth. Quantum

computers are different then normal computers because

their bits can technically exist in both states at

once. For the computer to work, a group of electrons

must be entangled, a situation where all bits involved

are forced into a superposition (. Once in this

state, logical boolean operators (and, or, not) can be

applied the system without breaking the wave function.

In addition to the traditional boolean operators, an

additional operator can be used: sqrt(not). Two

sqrt(not) operations in a row yeild the same

functional output as a single not gate. In

conjunction with the other logical operators, it can

be used to solve certain mathamatical problems that

are extremely difficult for computers today. These

problems include factoring large semiprime numbers

(two large prime numbers multiplied together) used in

many encryption schemes and faster algorithms for

searching largs databases.

If you want to know more, I'd recommend

"The Feynman Processor" by G. J. Milburn

http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0738201731/002-1390875-8111231?v=glance

and an overview of logical operators

http://computer.howstuffworks.com/boolean.htm

More coming soon...

-Alton

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